Causes and Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injuries

The brain is on5e of the human body’s most important organs because all bodily functions are controlled by it. Thus, anything that impacts the brain and causes it to change in the way it functions will also affect the way the whole body functions.

A car crash, a blast or explosion in a war zone, a violent act and sports or recreation-related accidents that cause a sudden jolt or a violent blow to the head can make the brain collide with the internal wall of the skull. This collision can result to torn nerve fibers, bruising of the brain and/or bleeding which, in turn, can result to intracranial injury or traumatic brain injury (TBI). Besides the causes given above, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also names the following as possible causes of TBI:

  • Falls, which are common among children 4 years old or below, adults above 75 years old, and workers in offices and construction site;
  • Struck by/against, which involves collision with an object (that is in motion or stationary);
  • Assaults, which are due to use of firearm (resulting to gunshot wound on the head);
  • Non-motorized pedal cycles or accidents involving bicycles;
  • Smashed piece of skull that penetrates the tissues in the brain; and,
  • Motor vehicle accidents, which commonly involve those aged between 15 and 19;

The severity of traumatic brain injuries depends on the part of the brain that is affected, the extent of the damage and whether the injured area is widespread or affects only a specific part. For purposes of classification, however, severity is identified as mild, moderate or severe. While mild TBI patients may only experience temporary headaches and confusion, a severe case can lead to amnesia, coma, disability, unconsciousness or death.

The signs and symptoms of TBI sometimes appear weeks or months after the accident occured. Some of these signs and symptoms include: persistent headaches or neck pain; slowed reading, thinking, acting, or speaking; changes in sleep pattern; loss of sense of taste or smell; and, dizziness and moodiness. If an individual, after suffering a violent blow to the head, begins to experience repeated vomiting, convulsions, numbness or weakness in the legs, arms, hands or feet, or slurred speech, then it is necessary to take him/her to the hospital immediately to be checked and treated.

The Benton Law Firm discusses lengthily about TBI and shares interesting and valuable information about this type of injury. It also mentions that TBIs occur far more often than the majority of us would assume. Each year, around 1.7 million TBIs occur, either as isolated injuries or as part of a related injury. However, and more importantly, if another person’s negligence was reason behind a TBI injury, the injured should do not give up his/her right to pursue compensation because cranial injuries have lifelong traumatic effects and requires very costly treatments.

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